C:\xampp\php 内に、「phpunit」や「phpunit.bat」のファイルがある場合、削除するなり、リネームするなりしておく。

C:\xampp\php>cd C:\xampp\php

C:\xampp\php>composer require --dev phpunit/phpunit ^6.1
./composer.json has been created
Loading composer repositories with package information
Updating dependencies (including require-dev)
Package operations: 27 installs, 0 updates, 0 removals
  - Installing sebastian/version (2.0.1): Loading from cache
  - Installing sebastian/resource-operations (1.0.0): Loading from cache
  - Installing sebastian/recursion-context (3.0.0): Loading from cache
  - Installing sebastian/object-reflector (1.1.1): Downloading (100%)
  - Installing sebastian/object-enumerator (3.0.2): Loading from cache
  - Installing sebastian/global-state (1.1.1): Loading from cache
  - Installing sebastian/exporter (3.1.0): Downloading (100%)
  - Installing sebastian/environment (2.0.0): Loading from cache
  - Installing sebastian/diff (1.4.1): Loading from cache
  - Installing sebastian/comparator (2.0.0): Loading from cache
  - Installing doctrine/instantiator (1.0.5): Loading from cache
  - Installing phpunit/php-text-template (1.2.1): Loading from cache
  - Installing phpunit/phpunit-mock-objects (4.0.1): Loading from cache
  - Installing phpunit/php-timer (1.0.9): Loading from cache
  - Installing phpunit/php-file-iterator (1.4.2): Loading from cache
  - Installing sebastian/code-unit-reverse-lookup (1.0.1): Loading from cache
  - Installing phpunit/php-token-stream (1.4.11): Loading from cache
  - Installing phpunit/php-code-coverage (5.1.1): Downloading (100%)
  - Installing webmozart/assert (1.2.0): Loading from cache
  - Installing phpdocumentor/reflection-common (1.0): Loading from cache
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  - Installing phar-io/version (1.0.1): Downloading (100%)
  - Installing phar-io/manifest (1.0.1): Downloading (100%)
  - Installing myclabs/deep-copy (1.6.1): Downloading (100%)
  - Installing phpunit/phpunit (6.1.0): Downloading (100%)
sebastian/global-state suggests installing ext-uopz (*)
phpunit/phpunit-mock-objects suggests installing ext-soap (*)
phpunit/php-code-coverage suggests installing ext-xdebug (^2.5.1)
phpunit/phpunit suggests installing phpunit/php-invoker (^1.1)
phpunit/phpunit suggests installing ext-xdebug (*)
Writing lock file
Generating autoload files


PHPUnit 6.1.0 by Sebastian Bergmann and contributors.

Usage: phpunit [options] UnitTest [UnitTest.php]
       phpunit [options] <directory>

Code Coverage Options:

  --coverage-clover <file>    Generate code coverage report in Clover XML format.
  --coverage-crap4j <file>    Generate code coverage report in Crap4J XML format.
  --coverage-html <dir>       Generate code coverage report in HTML format.
  --coverage-php <file>       Export PHP_CodeCoverage object to file.
  --coverage-text=<file>      Generate code coverage report in text format.
                              Default: Standard output.
  --coverage-xml <dir>        Generate code coverage report in PHPUnit XML format.
  --whitelist <dir>           Whitelist <dir> for code coverage analysis.
  --disable-coverage-ignore   Disable annotations for ignoring code coverage.

Logging Options:

  --log-junit <file>          Log test execution in JUnit XML format to file.
  --log-teamcity <file>       Log test execution in TeamCity format to file.
  --testdox-html <file>       Write agile documentation in HTML format to file.
  --testdox-text <file>       Write agile documentation in Text format to file.
  --testdox-xml <file>        Write agile documentation in XML format to file.
  --reverse-list              Print defects in reverse order

Test Selection Options:

  --filter <pattern>          Filter which tests to run.
  --testsuite <name,...>      Filter which testsuite to run.
  --group ...                 Only runs tests from the specified group(s).
  --exclude-group ...         Exclude tests from the specified group(s).
  --list-groups               List available test groups.
  --list-suites               List available test suites.
  --test-suffix ...           Only search for test in files with specified
                              suffix(es). Default: Test.php,.phpt

Test Execution Options:

  --dont-report-useless-tests Do not report tests that do not test anything.
  --strict-coverage           Be strict about @covers annotation usage.
  --strict-global-state       Be strict about changes to global state
  --disallow-test-output      Be strict about output during tests.
  --disallow-resource-usage   Be strict about resource usage during small tests.
  --enforce-time-limit        Enforce time limit based on test size.
  --disallow-todo-tests       Disallow @todo-annotated tests.

  --process-isolation         Run each test in a separate PHP process.
  --globals-backup            Backup and restore $GLOBALS for each test.
  --static-backup             Backup and restore static attributes for each test.

  --colors=<flag>             Use colors in output ("never", "auto" or "always").
  --columns <n>               Number of columns to use for progress output.
  --columns max               Use maximum number of columns for progress output.
  --stderr                    Write to STDERR instead of STDOUT.
  --stop-on-error             Stop execution upon first error.
  --stop-on-failure           Stop execution upon first error or failure.
  --stop-on-warning           Stop execution upon first warning.
  --stop-on-risky             Stop execution upon first risky test.
  --stop-on-skipped           Stop execution upon first skipped test.
  --stop-on-incomplete        Stop execution upon first incomplete test.
  --fail-on-warning           Treat tests with warnings as failures.
  --fail-on-risky             Treat risky tests as failures.
  -v|--verbose                Output more verbose information.
  --debug                     Display debugging information.

  --loader <loader>           TestSuiteLoader implementation to use.
  --repeat <times>            Runs the test(s) repeatedly.
  --teamcity                  Report test execution progress in TeamCity format.
  --testdox                   Report test execution progress in TestDox format.
  --testdox-group             Only include tests from the specified group(s).
  --testdox-exclude-group     Exclude tests from the specified group(s).
  --printer <printer>         TestListener implementation to use.

Configuration Options:

  --bootstrap <file>          A "bootstrap" PHP file that is run before the tests.
  -c|--configuration <file>   Read configuration from XML file.
  --no-configuration          Ignore default configuration file (phpunit.xml).
  --no-coverage               Ignore code coverage configuration.
  --no-extensions             Do not load PHPUnit extensions.
  --include-path <path(s)>    Prepend PHP's include_path with given path(s).
  -d key[=value]              Sets a php.ini value.
  --generate-configuration    Generate configuration file with suggested settings.

Miscellaneous Options:

  -h|--help                   Prints this usage information.
  --version                   Prints the version and exits.
  --atleast-version <min>     Checks that version is greater than min and exits.
  --check-version             Check whether PHPUnit is the latest version.



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